Instituto Jalisciense de Salud Mental - SALME

AUMENTA LA CAPACIDAD DE ESPERANZA COMO PROTECCIÓN CONTRA EL SUICIDIO, COMO RESULTADO DE ALGUNA PRÁCTICA RELIGIOSA.

Jue, 01/24/2019 - 08:46 -- francisco.villa
Presentación de tesis
El Dr. Adrián Ayala Bustos presentó su Tesis para obtener el Grado de Médico Psiquiatra con el tema: Relación de la religiosidad y el fenómeno suicida en una muestra de pacientes de la clínica para la prevención del suicidio del CAISAME estancia breve, bajo la Dirección de la Dra. Rangel-Juárez Viviana Jefa de Enseñanza y Capacitación.

Introducción.La investigación sobre el impacto de la religiosidad en los comportamientos suicidas ha favorecido la idea de asociación inversa y efecto protector, sin embargo, no se conoce con certeza esta asociación. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la influencia de la religiosidad en el grado de desesperanza, en las conductas y riesgo suicida en pacientes con ideación suicida. Material y métodos.A una muestra de la clínica de prevención del suicidio de CAISAME estancia breve que aceptaron participar se les aplicó las escalas de religiosidad de Reyes-Estrada et al., de desesperanza de Beck, de riesgo suicida de Plutchik y un formato de variables sociodemográficas.Resultados.Se obtuvo una muestra de 147 participantes. 121 (82.3%) individuos intentaron suicidarse alguna vez en la vida, 131 (91.7%) tuvieron riesgo suicida alto (media 9.6, +- 2.7), 82 (57.45%) presentaron alto nivel de desesperanza (media 9.2 +- 5.6), 100 (68%) puntuaron bajo en religiosidad global. A mayor grado de religiosidad global se obtuvo menor grado de desesperanza (r= -0.218, P < 0.01), así como mayor número de distintas modalidades de intento suicida. (T=47, P ˂0.05). A mayor grado de religiosidad subjetiva se obtuvo menor número de consumo de sustancias. (r= 0.177, P <0.05).Conclusiones.La religiosidad tuvo influencia negativa con la desesperanza, es decir a mayor grado de religiosidad tanto en el área global, como subjetiva e individual menor grado de desesperanza. A mayor grado de religiosidad se presentó mayor número de distintas modalidades de intento suicida.
Palabras clave: religiosidad, desesperanza, riesgo suicida, conductas suicidas.

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