Instituto Jalisciense de Salud Mental - SALME

Campaña Estatal para la Prevención de la Depresión y la Ansiedad

Mar, 05/08/2018 - 12:18 -- francisco.villa
Rued de prensa Campaña Estatal para la Prevención de la Depresión y la Ansiedad
En rueda de prensa, se dieron a conocer las principales actividades de la Campaña Estatal para la Prevención de la Depresión y la Ansiedad, intensificándose del 14 al 18 de mayo con la campaña “UNO A UNO BROTHERS” y su lema “No estás solo, estas entre amigos”. Encabezada por la Dra. Lorena Hernández Muñoz, Directora General de SALME, el Mtro. Álvaro Ruiz del Toro, SubDirector de Atención en Salud Mental y La Lic. Esmeralda de la Rosa Montes, Coordinadora de la Campaña.

De acuerdo con  la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), Los trastornos de ansiedad son los más comunes (Can Psych Assoc, 2006). Se estima que 12 de cada 100 adultos la padece. La misma OMS  en el 2007 menciona que en México 14 de cada 100 personas presentarán el trastorno de ansiedad en algún momento de su vida (Ronald C., 2007). Al respecto la Encuesta Nacional de Epidemiología Psiquiátrica en el 2003 en México, muestra que los los subtipos con prevalencia más altas son la fobia específica, la fobia social y el trastorno de estrés postraumático y en ellos la prevalencia es mayo en mujeres (Media Mora, 2003). Estos trastornos suelen iniciar en la adolescencia  y tienen su máxima prevalencia en la etapa más productiva de la vida laboral, social y afectiva. Las personas con estos trastornos frecuentemente tardan hasta 10 años en buscar atención o recibir ayuda adecuada, lo que favorece la cronificación y predispone a la discapacidad asociada a los mismos.
 
La depresión y ansiedad se pueden prevenir y tratar. Una mejor comprensión de qué son estas enfermedades y del cómo puede prevenirse y tratarse, contribuirá a reducir la estigmatización asociada a la enfermedad y conllevará un aumento del número de personas que piden ayuda.
 
Síntomas de depresión:

  • Irritabilidad.
  • Perdida de interés o de placer por actividades que normalmente son placenteras.
  • Poca energía o se cansa fácilmente.
  • Concentración y atención reducida.
  • Disminución de la autoestima y la confianza en si misma.
  • Ideas de culpa y falta de valor.
  • Visión pesimista y sombría del futuro.
  • Ideas o actos de autolesión o suicidio.
  • Alteraciones de sueño.
  • Disminución del apetito.

 
Síntomas de ansiedad

  • Intranquilidad
  • Fatigabilidad
  • Tensión muscular
  • Alteración en el dormir (insomnio o sueño insatisfactorio.
  • Preocupación excesiva y persistente a perderse, ser raptado, etc.
  • Resistencia o rechazo a salir lejos de casa.
  • Quejas repetidas de síntomas físicos; dolor de cabeza, dolor de estómago, nauseas, vomito.
  • Alteración malestar o deterioro en lo social, académico u área labora.

 
Objetivos de la Campaña

  • Promover en los adolescentes y jóvenes adultos la adopción de las habilidades para la vida como destrezas para generar factores de protección frente a los problemas psicosociales derivados del entorno; y ayuden a reconocer los factores de riesgo a fin de enfrentar las exigencias y desafíos que la vida.
  • Promover la solidaridad entre iguales que propicien el acompañamiento de aquellas personas que pudieran requerir una escucha activa o una atención en salud mental oportuna.
  • Brindar información a la población en general con énfasis en los adolescentes y jóvenes adultos sobre la importancia de identificar síntomas de depresión y ansiedad así como la importancia de una atención en salud mental oportuna.
  • Difundir a la población el número de emergencia 911 para su atención y la “Línea de Intervención en Crisis” (0133) 38 33 38 38 y 01 800 227 4747 la cual ofrece atención telefónica a personas en crisis psicológicas, las 24 horas del día los 365 días del año.

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Autor: francisco.villa - Instituto Jalisciense de Salud Mental - SALME
Fecha de actualización: 08/05/2018 - 17:18:17